Euro 2012 – Hosting Issues
Debopam Roy looks at the hosts of the 2012 European Football Championship, their relations and how they have prepared for their first ever tournament of this scale
From a long turbulent relation and numerous wars fought over shared territories especially Galicia, Poland and Ukraine have now come to signify the best example of solidarity among the Slavic countries. They are the second and third largest Slavic countries, after Russia and both have aided each other in development and partnered successfully towards growth.
The Winning Bid
That bond of cooperation was sealed further when in 2004, Poland and Ukraine decided to bid for the 2012 European championship. A joint bid made sense as the new millennium had already seen a spate of joint bids – Belgium-Netherlands in 2000, Austria-Switzerland in 2008 and even the 2002 World Cup. This was one way for small nations to experience the pleasures of hosting a major football tournament. Though they were up against the might of Italy and Croatia-Hungary bids, but with favourites Italy beset by Calciopoli scandal and problems with football-related crowd trouble, the less fancied Polish-Ukrainian bid won through.
UEFA President Michel Platini while picking the bid remarked, “They are a worthy winner. However, there are no losers today, only bids that have not won this time round.” The Italians though cried foul and the ire towards Platini only intensified when they lost out the 2016 bidding process to Platini’s home country. But that is another story.
Indeed the solidarity of the hosts was evident in the slogan that they coined for the tournament – “Creating History Together” and it reflects the shared history that these two countries have had.
The Promise and the Failure
There were some valid doubts about the readiness of two nations which had never held a tournament of this stature. A look at the bid structure on the infrastructure level would show the concerns
|City||Stadium||Status in 2007||Plan by 2010||2012 status|
|Gdansk, Poland||Baltic Arena||To Be Built||44,000 capacity||ready|
|Poznan, Poland||Municipal Stadium||24,166 capacity||46,500 capacity||ready|
|Warsaw, Poland||National Stadium||Not Yet Built||70,000 capacity||ready|
|Wroclaw, Poland||Olympic Stadium||10,000 capacity||45,000 capacity||ready|
|Chorzow, Poland||Slaski Stadium||47,202 capacity||60,000 capacity||scrapped|
|Krakow, Poland||Wisla Stadium||14,657 capacity||33,000 capacity||scrapped|
|Kiev, Ukraine||Olympic Stadium||84,000 capacity. FIFA and UEFA have threatened to withdraw permission to hold matches here over construction of a nearby shopping complex||Proposed final. Proposed reconstruction and upgrading would reduce capacity to 75,000||ready|
|Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine||To Be Built||35,000 capacity||scrapped|
|Donetsk, Ukraine||To Be Built||40,000 capacity||ready|
|Lviv, Ukraine||Ukraina Stadium||40,000 capacity||Plans call for construction of a new stadium or reconstruction of the present facility||ready|
|Odessa, Ukraine||Chornomorets stadium||35,000||Plans call for complete reconstruction||scrapped|
|Kharkiv, Ukraine||Metalist Stadium||30,000||Renovation||ready|
There were many misgivings on the promises made in the bid and how the progress was going. Most of the issues were on the Ukrainian side. Even Igor Miroshnychenko from the Ukrainian FA conceded: “I have heard the story about the possibility of the championships being taken off us. I spoke with UEFA on Wednesday and they told me that they have no plans at the moment to move elsewhere. But it’s not a good situation here at the moment. We have no main stadium and there are problems with the roads. It’s not a good situation politically. People here feel there are too many problems to host this tournament. Can we host it? I really don’t know.”
UEFA did conduct an interim check in 2008 and even though there were countries like Scotland and Italy ready to take over the organizational role, UEFA kept faith in the nations though the UEFA Executive Committee’s decision of May 13, 2009 expelled Odesa and Dnipropetrovsk from the list of Euro 2012 host cities. Similarly Krakow and Chorzow were dropped from the Polish side to leave a total of eight stadiums to do the honours. In September 2009, Platini announced that “Ukraine has made sudden progress in their efforts to stage the tournament”, but even then doubts persisted on if Ukrainian facilities would match the standards required by the guidelines of UEFA.
Interesting Fact: A hanging canopy made of a translucent synthetic membrane covers 100% of spectators seating.
Matches: June 11 – Ukraine v Sweden; June 15 – Sweden v England; June 19 – Sweden v France
June 24 – Quarter-Final; July 1 – Final
Interesting Fact: Built for Euro 2012, a promenade separates streams of visitors between first and second tiers
Matches: June 9 – Germany v Portugal; June 13 – Denmark v Portugal; June 17 – Denmark v Germany
Interesting Fact: 24 towers support the arena’s roof, which is not attached to the stadium’s main body
Matches: June 9 – Holland v Denmark; June 13 – Holland v Germany; June 17 – Portugal v Holland
Interesting Fact: Approximately 3,800 tonnes of steel were used for the roof structure
Matches: June 11 – France v England; June 15 – Ukraine v France; June 19 – England v Ukraine
June 23 – Quarter-Final; June 27 – Semi-Final
Interesting Fact: A retractable roof can cover the roof’s uncovered space.
Matches: June 8 – Poland v Greece; June 12 – Poland v Russia; June 16 – Greece v Russia; June 21 – Quarter-Final; June 28 – Semi-Final
Interesting Fact: 18,000 tiles are used on the exterior, resembling the colour of amber, which has long been extracted along the Baltic Sea coast
Matches: June 10 – Spain v Italy; June 14 – Spain v Republic of Ireland; June 18 – Croatia v Spain; June 22 – Quarter-Final
Interesting Fact: After the modernization, the stadium features a roof made of natural silk
Matches: June 10 – Republic of Ireland v Croatia; June 14 – Italy v Croatia; June 18 – Italy v Republic of Ireland
Interesting Fact: Built in the shape of a lantern, the stadium is screened with a mesh of glass fibre covered with Teflon
Matches: June 8 – Russia v Czech Republic; June 12 – Greece v Czech Republic; June 16 – Czech Republic v Poland
The Other Issues
There still exist issues which are being tackled by the hosts. A huge infrastructural change is required in the transport system to cater to the number of visitors expected. New routes and destinations were created as well as metro and trains installed bilingual announcements in English language.
The other issues are the hotel prices when it was reported in German weekly Der Spiegel, that hotel prices in Ukraine’s four host cities had rocketed. Even the UEFA President had to raise his voice. Platini lamented, “It’s annoying to have made a lot of investment and then say to people that they can’t come because there are bandits and crooks who want to make a lot of money during this Euro.” Borys Kolesnikov, the Ukrainian deputy prime minister, said he would do his best. But the damage had been done. Markian Lubkivsky, head of the Euro 2012 organizing committee in Ukraine, pacified by saying hotel and hostel prices are no longer “critically” inflated. “Our strongest point was that if prices are sky high, then fans simply won’t come here,” Lubkivsky said. “And I think this point has worked.”
Security is another issue and Bomb blasts on April 27, 2012 in Dnipropetrovsk, the city which lost its hosting rights, has sparked fresh fears that Ukraine is not ready for the games. UEFA put its weight behind Ukraine but the speculation is that if the political situation worsens, UEFA might consider moving the games to 2013.
Finally there was this tongue-firmly-out-of-cheek commercial by a Dutch energy company NLE which sparked a furore, for a change by Ukraine. The television commercial urges Dutch women not to let their husbands loose during Euro 2012, because of the beautiful women awaiting them in Ukraine. Ukrainian ambassador to the Netherlands, Olexander Horin was critical, “I’m anxious and dismayed that it could send the wrong image.” But NEC obviously taking the spoof one step further opened a site which further accentuates the ‘dangers’ of Ukrainian women.
Some Ukrainian women’s activists actually took it a step further and staged a toplessprotest in Kiev against UEFA’s plans to turn their country into a destination for sex tourists from around the world.
Co-hosts Poland face a different but far more troubling issue – racism and anti-semitism. Patrons can buy scarves or stickers with the motto “Jews forbidden” and T-shirts that read “Burn the Czechs” and “Beat the Greeks” at one of the country’s biggest club Widzew Łódź. When Polish team Legia Warsaw played Hapoel Tel Aviv in a European match, the locals held aloft a giant banner with “JihadLegia” written in Arabic lettering.
The concerns regarding security have been strong and Polish deputy Interior Minister Michal Deskur said that “Complete readiness should be confirmed in mid-May, about three weeks before the first match.” Whether that would be enough, is still a valid question.
The tournament has not had the best of preparations. Controversies have still not died down and there are concerns that it may even be moved, however latent, those concerns are. The effort has been there to upgrade and renew, but more needs to be done. Ukraine, has bore the brunt of the issues and the games may not turn out to be as much an economic success as anticipated if visitors don’t arrive. This may become more a reputational than an economic issue. Over 12 million ticket applications were received by UEFA, which is a 17% increase on 2008 championship and an all-time record for European Championships. The hosts have to ensure that these millions have a safe and enjoyable tournament experience.